Manuel II signs a document written in parallel Latin and Greek giving certain relics to the Abbey of S. Denis in Paris


Manuel II Palaiologos
1350 (1391) 1425



LEFT: Detail from
Funeral Oration of Manuel II for
his brother Theodore. Constantinople, 1409–11.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Département des Manuscrits, Paris. Supplément grec 309.


The Emperor was seated on a raised dais,
carpeted with small rugs, on one of which was spread a brown lion skin and at the back
a cushion of black stuff embroidered in gold.
After conversing for some considerable time with us, the Emperor at length dismissed us, and we returned to our lodgings, whither later on his Highness sent up a stag, which his huntsmen had just brought in to the palace.
With the Emperor at our audience
had been present the Empress his wife, with three young princes, the eldest of whom may have been eight years old.
Clavijo - 1403


RIGHT: Manuel II, Autokrator and Augustus;
John VIII, Basileus; Theodoros, Porphyrogennetos
Andronikos, Authentopoulos
Helena, Augusta and Autokratorissa.,
Constantinople, 1403-5.
Musée du Louvre, Paris. Ms. Ivories A53,


Andronicus IV, Johm VII, Manuel II,
John VIII, Constantine XI, Constantine I.
Mutin. gr. 122, f. 294v

Letters ed. George Dennis

On the Virtue of a King

Typicon of 1406 for the Monasteries of Mount Athos

An Unpublished Funeral Oration on Manuel II

Manuel II
Paris gr. 1783

Hyperperon of Manuel II




Visconti Book of Hours
Florence, BNC, Fondo Landau Finaly, MS 22
Belbello da Pavia, ca. 1400

Initial Letter
Gradual, Siena, LP, Cor. 4
Gerolamo da Cremona
Student of Belbello

Les Très Riches Heures
Herman Limbourg, ca. 1410-1412


Les Très Riches Heures du Duc du Berry
Ms. 65, Musée Condé, Chantilly
folio 51v


Les Très Riches Heures
folio 52r